ID 0293

Commonwealth Parliament, House of Representatives election

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General election for the House of Representatives Commonwealth of Australia 
Date of election 3 October 1998

Government in office and parliamentary support before and after the election

Government in office at election

Prime Minister in office at date of election. (check notes to see if change of Prime Minister since previous election) John Winston Howard
Prime Minister's party affiliation Liberal Party 
House of Representatives support for government at election Coalition  
If coalition, coalition partner(s) National Party  

Government in office after election

Prime Minister in office after election. John Winston Howard
Prime Minister's party affiliation Liberal Party
House of Representatives support for government after election Coalition  
If coalition, coalition partner(s) National Party  
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Enrolment and voting

Total number of voters on the roll 12,154,050 
Number of House of Representatives seats 148 
Number of uncontested seats
If uncontested seats, number of voters on the roll in uncontested seats  
Number of voters on the roll in contested seats 12,154,050 
Total ballots cast (may differ from number of votes in multiple voting systems) 11,545,201 
Turnout (rate of voting in contested seats) 94.99% 
Total valid votes 11,109,063 
Rate of informal (invalid) voting 3.78%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system Not applicable
Electoral system Adult franchise at 18 years (from 1974); single member districts, preferential voting (AV); compulsory preferences; compulsory voting 

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House of Representatives votes and seats won, national summary

Election held on 3 October 1998
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'

Party Name First preference vote n First preference vote share % Change from previous election % Seats won n Uncontested seats held n Seat share %
Australian Labor Party 4,454,306  40.10  +1.34     67  45.27 
Liberal Party 3,764,707  33.89  -4.80     64  43.24 
Pauline Hanson's One Nation Party 936,612  8.43  *        
National Party 588,088  5.29  -2.91     16  10.81 
Australian Democrats 569,935  5.13  -1.63        
Australian Greens 238,035  2.14  *        
Independents 212,522  1.91  -0.42     0.68 
Country Liberal Party (NT) 36,014  0.32  -0.03        
Votes for other than listed parties 308,844  2.78  +0.79          
Totals 11,109,063  100.00    148  100.00 


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* Party did not contest previous election or did not meet criteria for listing, or contested previous election under a different party name.

Notes

In the national summary for the House of Representatives for this election, the vote for the Australian Greens includes the votes cast in Western Australia for the Greens WA. At this election all previous Green party groupings agreed to endorse candidates under the name of the Australian Greens, except the Greens WA in Western Australia who maintained their own party label.

The vote shown for Independents at this election is the sum of votes cast for all candidates registered as Independents (118) and those candidates who ran for office without any registered party name (6). There were 124 such candidates.

Sources

Australian Electoral Commission, Election 98, Volume 1, National Results, Canberra 1998; Australian Electoral Commission, Electoral Statistics 1993, 1996, 1998, CD-ROM, Canberra,1999; Colin A Hughes, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1985-1999, Sydney: Federation Press, 2002 (ISBN 1862874344). Gerard Newman, Federal Election Results 1949-2001, Canberra: Commonwealth Parliament, Department of the Parliamentary Library, Information and Research Services, Research Paper 9 2001-02, 2002 (ISSN 13287478).

For a general review of this election, see: Marian Simms and John Warhurst (editors), Howard's Agenda: The 1998 Australian Election, St Lucia, Qld: University of Queensland Press, 2000 (ISBN 0 7022 3163 0).



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