ID 0520

Parliament of Western Australia, Assembly election

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General election for the Assembly Western Australia 
Date of election (or first day of voting at elections held over more than one day) 6 February 1993

Government in office and parliamentary support before and after the election

Government in office at election

Premier in office at date of election. (check notes to see if change of Premier since previous election) Carmen Mary Lawrence
Premier's party affiliation Australian Labor Party 
Assembly support for government at election Minority 
If coalition, coalition partner(s)  

Government in office after election

Premier in office after election. Richard Fairfax Court
Premier's party affiliation Liberal Party
Assembly support for government after election Coalition  
If coalition, coalition partner(s) National Party  
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Enrolment and voting

Total number of voters on the roll 1,016,750 
Number of Assembly seats 57 
Number of uncontested seats
If uncontested seats, number of voters on the roll in uncontested seats  
Number of voters on the roll in contested seats 1,016,750 
Total ballots cast (may differ from number of votes in multiple voting systems) 950,698 
Turnout (rate of voting in contested seats) 93.50% 
Total valid votes 911,478 
Rate of informal (invalid) voting 4.13%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system Not applicable
Electoral system Adult franchise at 18 years; single member districts; preferential voting (AV), compulsory preferences; compulsory voting 

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Western Australia, Assembly votes and seats won

Election held on 6 February 1993
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'

Party Name First preference vote n First preference vote share % Change from previous election % Seats won n Uncontested seats held n Seat share %
Liberal Party 402,402  44.15  +1.36     26  45.61 
Australian Labor Party 338,008  37.08  -5.38     24  42.11 
Independents 61,078  6.70  +3.73     1.75 
National Party 48,394  5.31  +0.71     10.53 
Greens WA 39,300  4.31  +4.06        
Australian Democrats 21,147  2.32  +0.89        
Democratic Socialist Electoral League 421  0.05  *        
Call to Australia 391  0.04  *        
CALM Resistance Movement 337  0.04  *        
Votes for other than listed parties 0.00  0.00          
Totals 911,478  100.00    57  100.00 


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* Party did not contest previous election or did not meet criteria for listing, or contested previous election under a different party name.

Notes

Premier in office at election: There had been a change of Premier since the previous Legislative Assembly election in 1989. 'Peter Dowding became the first Labor premier in WA to be forced out of office mid-term.... A majority of the forty-seven member Labor caucus had signed a letter publicized on 7 February [1990] calling on Dowding to step down. A caucus meeting on Monday 12 February saw the resignation of both Premier Dowding and his deputy, David Parker. Education minister Dr Carmen Lawrence became the first female premier in Australia', Franz Oswald, 'Western Australia', Australian Journal of Politics and History, Political Chronicle, 36(3) December 1990: 446-452, at 447. On 12 February 1990, Lawrence became Premier of an Australian Labor Party majority government.

By the end of April 1991, defections from the parliamentary Labor Party had cost Premier Lawrence majority control of the Legislative Assembly, and she became Premier of an Australian Labor Party minority government.

For more details of the context and summary details of the change of Premier and the loss of parliamentary support, see the entries for each Premier in the 'Periods in office' component of this website.

Premier in office after election: After the defeat of the Lawrence government at this election (1993), Richard Court (the son of former Premier Charles Court) was commissioned as Premier of a Liberal Party and National Party coalition government on 16 February 1993.

Australian Labor Party: For a study of the Labor Party during this period, see Anthony Sayers, 'Western Australia: Picking up the Pieces', in John Warhurst and Andrew Parkin (editors), The Machine: Labor Confronts the Future, (St. Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, 2000, ISBN 1864487216).

Independents: The Independent member elected at this election was Elizabeth Constable, who retained the seat of Floreat which she had won in a by-election as an Independent in 1991; Constable viewed herself as an Independent Liberal having originally run for election as the consequence of a factional dispute over candidate endorsement within the Liberal Party.

Democratic Socialist Electoral League: This party endorsed two candidates at this election (1993).

Call to Australia: The Call to Australia party was associated with the New South Wales based Reverend Fred Nile, and was formed in 1980; 'Pro-family national political party based on Christian principles', Dean Jaensch and David Mathieson, A Plague on Both Your Houses: Minor Parties in Australia, pp 64-65 (St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, 1998, ISBN 1864484217). The party fielded one candidate at this election (1993).

CALM Resistance Movement: 'Formed 1992; to oppose some policies of the Conservation and Land Management Department in Western Australia', Dean Jaensch and David Mathieson, A Plague on Both Your Houses: Minor Parties in Australia, p.35 (St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, 1998, ISBN 1864484217). The party fielded two candidates at this election (1993).

References: For a brief survey of this election and its context, see David Black, 'Western Australia', Australian Journal of Politics and History, Australian Political Chronicle, 39 (3) December 1993: 413-423 at pp 413-415.

Sources

Colin A Hughes, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1985-1999, (Sydney: Federation Press, 2002, ISBN 1862874344); David Black, Election Statistics Legislative Assembly of Western Australia 1890-1996, Listed Alphabetically by Constituency, (Perth: Parliament of Western Australia and Western Australian Electoral Commission, 1997); and David Black. An Index to Parliamentary Candidates in Western Australian Elections State and Federal 1890-2006, 2nd edition, (Perth: Parliament of Western Australia, 2006, ISBN 1920830774).



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