ID 0475

Parliament of Victoria, Assembly election

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General election for the Assembly Victoria 
Date of election (or first day of voting at elections held over more than one day) 27 June 1964

Government in office and parliamentary support before and after the election

Government in office at election

Premier in office at date of election. (check notes to see if change of Premier since previous election) Henry Edward Bolte
Premier's party affiliation Liberal and Country Party 
Assembly support for government at election Majority 
If coalition, coalition partner(s)  

Government in office after election

Premier in office after election. Henry Edward Bolte
Premier's party affiliation Liberal and Country Party
Assembly support for government after election Majority 
If coalition, coalition partner(s)  
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Enrolment and voting

Total number of voters on the roll 1,635,311 
Number of Assembly seats 66 
Number of uncontested seats
If uncontested seats, number of voters on the roll in uncontested seats  
Number of voters on the roll in contested seats 1,635,311 
Total ballots cast (may differ from number of votes in multiple voting systems) 1,543,778 
Turnout (rate of voting in contested seats) 94.40% 
Total valid votes 1,508,219 
Rate of informal (invalid) voting 2.3%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system Not applicable
Electoral system Adult franchise at 21 years, single member districts, preferential voting (AV), compulsory preferences, compulsory voting 

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Victoria, Assembly votes and seats won

Election held on 27 June 1964
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'

Party Name First preference vote n First preference vote share % Change from previous election % Seats won n Uncontested seats held n Seat share %
Liberal and Country Party 597,748  39.63  +3.19     38  57.58 
Australian Labor Party 546,279  36.22  -2.33     18  27.27 
Democratic Labor Party 225,851  14.97  -1.98        
Country Party 132,067  8.76  +1.62     10  15.15 
Communist Party 3,741  0.25  -0.01        
Independent Liberal 1,505  0.10  -0.34        
Republican Liberal 654  0.04  *        
National Centre Party 374  0.02  *        
Votes for other than listed parties 0.00  0.00          
Totals 1,508,219  100.00    66  100.00 


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* Party did not contest previous election or did not meet criteria for listing, or contested previous election under a different party name.

Notes

Government in office after election: The Bolte Liberal and Country Party government was returned at this Assembly election in 1964 with the loss of one seat even though the party increased its share of first preference votes; note Carr in 'Sources', below.

Australian Labor Party: The Australian Labor Party gained a seat at this election even though its primary vote share declined at this Assembly election but lost a seat. Malapportionment and the policy of the Democratic Labor Party to direct its second preferences to the Liberal and Country Party limited the ability of the Labor Party to gain seats in the Assembly.

Democratic Labor Party: By 1964, the Democratic Labor Party (DLP) had branches in all States. While claiming to be the 'real' Labor Party in Victoria and endorsing a full slate of 66 candidates at this election in 1964, the DLP gained 15.0 percent of the first preference vote but failed to win a seat. The DLP strategy at Assembly elections was to urge its supporters to use their second preferences under the Assembly's preferential voting system to keep the Australian Labor Party out of office in Victoria and to maintain voter support for federal elections where the DLP had a chance to elect senators under the Senate system of proportional representation; see generally P L Reynolds, The Democratic Labor Party, (Milton, Qld: Jacaranda Press, 1974, ISBN 0701607033), and Michael Lyons, 'Defence, the Family and the Battler: The Democratic Labor Party and its Legacy', Australian Journal of Political Science, 43(3) September 2008: 425-442.

Communist Party: The Communist Party endorsed 5 candidates for this Assembly election (1964) but its electoral support remained below 0.3 percent of the first preference vote.

Independent Liberal: Peter W Garrisson had been the elected to the seat of Hawthorn at the Victorian Legislative Assembly elections in 1958 and 1961 as a member of the Liberal and Country Party. During 1963, he '...found himself facing four charges under the Companies Act and resigned from the parliamentary party' (Aimer, p.127 in 'References', below). Another candidate was endorsed by the Liberal Country Party for the seat of Hawthorn but Garrisson contested the seat as an Independent Liberal and, as a consequence of this, was expelled from the party. For a discussion of the incident and its implications for Liberal and Country Party organization, see Aimer, p.127 in 'References', below.

Republican Liberal: Two candidates, neither of whom had contested Assembly general elections, ran as Republican Liberals; neither was elected.

National Centre Party: One candidate contested this Assembly election as a member of the National Centre Party.

References: Premier Bolte's long period in office is surveyed in David Dunstan, 'Henry Bolte: The Lucky Developer' in Brian Costar and Paul Strangio (editors), The Victorian Premiers 1856-2006, ch. 21 (Sydney: Federation Press, 2006, ISBN 9781862876019). For a study of Victorian parliamentary politics during this period of Liberal dominance, see Wright, ch. 10 (in 'Sources', below).

The organization and history of the Liberal Party in Victoria during this period is surveyed in Peter Aimer, Politics, Power and Persuasion: The Liberals in Victoria, (East Hawthorn, Vic.: James Bennett, 1974, ISBN 0909595011), and Katherine West, Power in the Liberal Party: A Study in Australian Politics, ch. 1 (Melbourne: Cheshire, 1965).

Note also the extensive study by A F Davies. 'The Government of Victoria', in S R Davis (editor), The Government of the Australian States, pp 177-247 (London: Longmans, 1960).

Sources

For this Assembly election (1964), there is substantial agreement between the three sources below (Hughes and Graham 1968, Hughes and Graham 1975, and Carr) on the first preference votes for the larger parties. The votes and partisan affiliation of minor party and Independent candidates are calculated from Hughes and Graham 1975.

Colin A Hughes and B D Graham, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968, SBN 708102700); Colin A Hughes and B D Graham, Voting for the Victoria[n] Legislative Assembly 1890-1964, (Canberra: Department of Political Science, Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University, 1975, ISBN 070811332X).

Adam Carr, 'Forty-third Parliament Elected 27 June 1964', in 'Legislative Assembly Elections', Victorian Elections Since 1843, Psephos: Adam Carr's Election Archive, online here [accessed 12 January 2018].

Raymond Wright, A People's Counsel: A History of the Parliament of Victoria 1856-1990, (Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1992, ISBN 0195533593)



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