ID 0415

Parliament of Tasmania, Assembly election

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General election for the Assembly Tasmania 
Date of election (or first day of voting at elections held over more than one day) 9 March 1900

Government in office and parliamentary support before and after the election

Government in office at election

Premier in office at date of election. (check notes to see if change of Premier since previous election) Neil Elliott Lewis
Premier's party affiliation Ministerialists 
Assembly support for government at election Minority 
If coalition, coalition partner(s)  

Government in office after election

Premier in office after election. Neil Elliott Lewis
Premier's party affiliation Ministerialists
Assembly support for government after election Minority 
If coalition, coalition partner(s)  
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Enrolment and voting

Total number of voters on the roll 39,002 
Number of Assembly seats 38 
Number of uncontested seats 13 
If uncontested seats, number of voters on the roll in uncontested seats 9,970 
Number of voters on the roll in contested seats 29,032 
Total ballots cast (may differ from number of votes in multiple voting systems) 19,380 
Turnout (rate of voting in contested seats) 66.75% 
Total valid votes 18,872 
Rate of informal (invalid) voting 2.62%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system Not applicable
Electoral system Property and income franchise, plural voting; single and multimember districts; first past the post (plurality) voting in single member districts, proportional representation by the single transferable vote method (STV) in two multimember districts (see notes) 

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Tasmania, Assembly votes and seats won

Election held on 9 March 1900
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'

Party Name First preference vote n First preference vote share % Change from previous election % Seats won n Uncontested seats held n Seat share %
Ministerialists 5,134  27.20  -19.38     18  47.37 
Independents 4,201  22.26  +11.24     11  28.95 
Opposition 2,218  11.75  -6.73     23.68 
Votes for other than listed parties 7,319  38.78  +18.13          
Totals 18,872  100.00    38  13  100.00 


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Notes

Premier in office at election: There had been a change of Premier since the previous House of Assembly general election in 1897. 'On 6 October 1899 Braddon's ministry was defeated 18-17 on a motion of no confidence arising from the report of a select committee on the Strahan Marine Board, and he resigned. ... Bird, who had moved the motion, was not prepared to take office himself, but held a party meeting on 10 October which chose the cabinet, and then advised the Governor to send for Lewis, who was commissioned', Hughes and Graham, p. 254 (see 'Sources', below). For summary details of these changes of Premier and references on their careers, see the entries for each Premier in the 'Periods in office' component of this website.

Franchise: Several important changes had been made to the franchise in 1884-1885 (see generally Bennett and Bennett, pp 7-8, see 'Sources', below). The qualification for voting for the House of Assembly were changed so that 'citizens merely needed to be on the Assessment Roll as owners or occupiers of property, or be in receipt of salary or wages of £60 p.a', The requirement for wages or salary was further reduced to £40 a year by the Constitution Amendment Act (No. 2) of 1896, see Bennett and Bennett, p. 10 (see 'Sources', below). Plural voting was permitted for those who had the qualifications for the franchise in more than one electoral district.

Electoral system and voting: The Electoral Act of 1896 made significant changes to the electoral system. It increased the number of seats in the House of Assembly to 37 -- expanded to 38 in 1898 -- with members chosen from 28 single member electoral districts, a four member electoral district (Launceston) and a six member electoral district (Hobart). Voting in the single member districts was by the existing first past the post (plurality) method, but voting in the multimember districts of Launceston and Hobart used the proportional representation by the single transferable vote (STV) method in 1897 as a trial of the system, extended to 1900 (Bennett and Bennett, p. 9, see 'Sources', below). For a brief summary of the system and its context, see David M Farrell and Ian McAllister, The Australian Electoral System: Origins, Variations and Consequences, pp 26-27 (Sydney: University of New South Wales Press, 2006, ISBN 0868408581); for historical background and details, see Scott Bennett, 'These New Fangled Ideas: Hare-Clark 1896-1901', in Marcus Haward and James Warden (editors), An Australian Democrat: The Life, Work, and Consequences of Andrew Inglis Clark, (Hobart: Centre for Tasmanian Historical Studies, University of Tasmania, 1995, ISBN 0859016412), and Terry Newman, Hare-Clark in Tasmania: Representation of All Opinions, (Hobart: joint Library Committee of the Parliament of Tasmania, 1992, ISBN 0724638768).

Differences in voting figures: The aggregate voting figures shown in the tables above for this election are calculated from information published in Bennett and Bennett (see 'Sources', below). Hughes and Graham p. 593 (see 'Sources', below) provide figures which differ slightly from those of Bennett and Bennett: total ballots cast 18,824; rate of informal (invalid) voting, 2.68 percent; total valid votes 18,320. The figures for party groupings in the table above are those provided by Hughes and Graham (see note below).

Ministerialists and the emergence of political parties During the 1890s, the factional politics of previous years began to give way to political groupings and electoral organizations which foreshadowed the emergence of modern political parties. The labels Ministerialists, Opposition and Independents in the table above are provided by Hughes and Graham to indicate the groupings of members elected at the election and their likely support for the government. Support for what was to become the Labor Party showed that this was about to change; see Hughes and Graham, pp 595-596 (see 'Sources', below). For studies of the emergence of political parties in Tasmania, see Patrick Weller, 'Tasmania' in P Loveday, A W Martin and R S Parker (editors), The Emergence of the Australian Party System, pp 355-382 (Sydney: Hale & Iremonger, 1977, ISBN 0908094035), and R P Davis, 'Tasmania', in D J Murphy (editor), Labor in Politics: The State Labor Parties in Australia 1880-1920, pp 389-445, (St Lucia, Qld: University of Queensland Press, 1975, ISBN 0702209392).

References: For a description of the style of elections and parliamentary government in this period, see W A Townsley, 'Electoral Systems and Constituencies', and John Reynolds, 'Premiers and Political Leaders', in F C Green (editor), Tasmania: A Century of Responsible Government 1856-1956, (Hobart: L G Shea, Government Printer, [1956]), and W A Townsley, Tasmania From Colony to Statehood 1803-1945, (Hobart: St David's Park Publishing, 1991, ISBN 0724625753).

Sources

Voting figures and election results calculated from information in Scott Bennett and Barbara Bennett, Tasmanian Electoral Handbook, 1851-1982, (Kensington, NSW: Reference Section of History Project Incorporated, University of New South Wales, 1983). The party groupings shown in the table 'Tasmania, Assembly, votes and seats won' are taken from Colin A Hughes and B D Graham, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, (Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1968, SBN 708102700); see notes above.

The difficulties of determining the accuracy of early Tasmanian election results are discussed in Scott Bennett, 'The Statistics of Tasmania and the Study of Tasmanian Elections: A Cautionary Note', in Tasmanian Historical Research Association, Papers and Proceedings, 45(4), December 1998: 237-242.



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