ID 0263

Commonwealth Parliament, House of Representatives election

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General election for the House of Representatives Commonwealth of Australia 
Date of election 16 December 1922

Government in office and parliamentary support before and after the election

Government in office at election

Prime Minister in office at date of election. (check notes to see if change of Prime Minister since previous election) William Morris Hughes
Prime Minister's party affiliation Nationalist Party 
House of Representatives support for government at election Minority 
If coalition, coalition partner(s)  

Government in office after election

Prime Minister in office after election. Stanley Melbourne Bruce
Prime Minister's party affiliation Nationalist Party
House of Representatives support for government after election Coalition  
If coalition, coalition partner(s) Country Party  

Enrolment and voting

Total number of voters on the roll 2,980,424 
Number of House of Representatives seats 75 
Number of uncontested seats
If uncontested seats, number of voters on the roll in uncontested seats 206,150 
Number of voters on the roll in contested seats 2,774,274 
Total ballots cast (may differ from number of votes in multiple voting systems) 1,646,863 
Turnout (rate of voting in contested seats) 59.36% 
Total valid votes 1,572,514 
Rate of informal (invalid) voting 4.51%
Informal (invalid) ballots in multiple voting system Not applicable
Electoral system Adult franchise at 21 years; single member districts; preferential voting (AV); compulsory preferences 


House of Representatives votes and seats won, national summary

Election held on 16 December 1922
Criteria for the inclusion of parties in this table are set out in the Glossary under 'listed party'

Party Name First preference vote n First preference vote share % Change from previous election % Seats won n Uncontested seats held n Seat share %
Australian Labor Party 665,145  42.30  -0.19     29  38.67 
Nationalist Party (Nationalists) 553,920  35.23  -9.85     26  34.67 
Country Party 197,513  12.56  +3.30     14  18.67 
Liberal Party (SA, Vic) 73,939  4.70  *     6.67 
Independents 71,674  4.56  +3.09     1.33 
Votes for other than listed parties 10,323  0.66  +0.66          
Totals 1,572,514  100.00    75  100.00 

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* Party did not contest previous election or did not meet criteria for listing, or contested previous election under a different party name.


Government after election: In spite of lengthy negotiations, Hughes was unable to gain the support of the Country Party to form a coalition government after the election. Hughes resigned in favour of Bruce who became prime minister of a Nationalist Party and Country Party coalition government on 9 February 1923. For details, see the references below.


Colin A Hughes and B D Graham, A Handbook of Australian Government and Politics 1890-1964, Canberra; Australian National University Press, 1968 (SBN 708102700).

For information on the change of prime minister after the election, see Michelle Grattan (ed.), Australian Prime Ministers, Frenchs Forrest, NSW: New Holland Publishers, 2000 (ISBN 1 86436 6710), pp 121 and 130; Geoffrey Sawer, Australian Federal Politics and Law 1901-1929, Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1956 (ISBN 0 522 84033 7), p.225.